Do you want to know more about sphagnum peat moss and our different procedures? Consult our FAQs below, where you will find answers to the questions we are most frequently asked.
If you wish to know more about our techniques, our products and their uses, please do not hesitate to contact us.
What is Canadian sphagnum peat moss?
Canadian sphagnum peat moss (CSPM) is partially decomposed sphagnum moss. Sphagnum’s large cell structure enables it to absorb air and water like a sponge. Although peat moss does not contain nutrients, it does adsorb nutrients added to or present in the soil, releasing them over time as the plants require. This saves valuable nutrients which are otherwise lost through leaching.
Isn’t there a shortage of peatland in Canada?
Isn’t harvesting peat moss depleting these areas of wetlands?
No. There are more than 113 million hectares of peatlands in Canada. Less than 0.02 percent (17,000 hectares) of Canada’s peatland area is currently being used for horticultural peat harvesting and related applications. Canadian sphagnum peat moss is a sustainable resource. Annually, peat moss accumulates at more than 60 times the rate it is harvested. Harvested bogs are returned to wetlands so the ecological balance of the area is maintained.
How much peat moss is in a bale?
Peat moss is a good value since it is compressed into bales. When opened, it expands to approximately twice the amount as packaged.
Why should I buy peat moss when I can use compost as a soil amendment?
Peat moss makes your compost more effective because peat and compost do two different things. Peat moss restructures the soil, whereas compost provides nutrients. By blending the two you can reduce compost’s tendency to compact the soil, and thus allow more water, air and nutrients to reach plant roots. In addition, the peat moss and compost combination helps retain moisture in garden beds, allowing gardeners to water less frequently. Peat also extends the life of compost in soil by four to five times.
Can the supply of peat moss be completely depleted?
No. The bogs that are being harvested will be restored to functioning wetlands. Members of the CSPMA adhere to strict guidelines in the Preservation and Reclamation Policy (for example, leaving one meter of peat moss when harvesting is completed). In addition, there are millions of acres of bogs in national parks and other preserves that can never be harvested.
What is the CSPMA Preservation and Reclamation Policy?
Canadian Sphagnum Peat Moss Association (CSPMA) members agree to abide by the reclamation policy for all new bog development. It includes:
- Identifying bogs for preservation.
- Leaving buffer zones of original vegetation to encourage natural succession after harvesting.
- Leaving a layer of peat below harvesting levels to encourage rapid regrowth.
- Returning harvested bogs to a functioning peatland, or, if that’s not possible, to other wildlife habitats or agricultural production.